resize about : CERN - มูลนิธิเทคโนโลยีสารสนเทศตามพระราชดำริสมเด็จพระเทพรัตนราชสุดา ฯ สยามบรมราชกุมารี

 

Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn
with CERN executives
on March 16, 2009

     “I hope that this collaboration can lead to better and conflict-free international cooperation based on the scientific principle. For the Thai scientists, researchers and students involved, to be accepted for participation in a scientific endeavor like this is a very positive sign on our standards of education and quality of the people.”

Remarks of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn on the occasion

of the presentation of an Honorary Doctorate in Physics from Suranaree University of Technology

to Professor Rolf-Dieter Heuer, the Director of CERN at Srapathum Palace in Bangkok on October 10, 2013


Establish Cooperation

      Perhaps the most ambitious royal initiative of H.R.H. Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn to date is sponsorship of the collaboration of Thai students and scientists with CERN, the organization which is trying to unravel the very nature of matter. From the CERN website: “At CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, physicists and engineers are probing the fundamental structure of the universe. They use the world’s largest and most complex scientific instruments to study the basic constituents of matter – the fundamental particles. The particles are made to collide together at close to the speed of light. The process gives the physicists clues about how the particles interact, and provides insights into the fundamental laws of nature.”


What is CERN?

      CERN is the European Organization for Nuclear Research, based in Geneva. The name CERN is derived from the acronym for the French “Conseil


 
Louis Victor de Broglie (1892-1987)

       Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire”, or European Council for Nuclear Research, a provisional body with the mandate of establishing a world-class fundamental physics research lab proposed by Louis Victor de Broglie, a French physicist. Officially established in 1954, CERN was founded by 12 member countries in Europe.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CERN

       Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn has long taken an active interest in the CERN project and first visited the facility in 2000. Her Royal Highness wanted Thai scientists to be involved in this fantastic intellectual exercise and approached Prof. Dr. Pairash Thajchayapong, o explore hoe Thai scientists could take part in this project. Her Royal Highness mentioned to Prof. Dr. Pairash that if Thai scientists had the opportunity to do a joint-research with CERN it would be very beneficial to the development of science and technology in Thailand.

       Prof. Dr. Pairash therefore co-ordinated and consulted with executives at CERN and Synchrotron Light Research Institute (public organization) operating projects aimed at promoting basic and applied scientific research in Thailand) about the possibility to develop a scientific or academic collaboration. This led to the signing of an expression of interest in the participation of physicists from universities and research institutes from Thailand in the CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid) Experiment at the CERN LHC Accelerator.

       The collaboration opened an opportunity for Thai physics students and teachers to participate in a CERN summer program and join in experiments in high-power particle physics. Her Royal Highness presided as chairwoman and witness to the signing ceremony while she was on her third visit to CERN, in March 2009.

       In 2009, the Sub-committee on Academics and Research with CERN was set up in order to oversee the co-operation between Thai organizations and CERN. Synchrotron Light Research Institute (Public Organisation) and the National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA) are co-secretariats of the sub-committee. Collaboration are working activities that have been implemented are CERN School Thailand and CERN’s WLCG Grid Computing. Later, the name of the sub-committee has been changed to the Committee on CERN-DESY Academic and Research Collaboration to make collaboration with CERN and DESY under the purview of the same committee for better synergy.



 

H.R.H. Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn athe MoU signing ceremony
between Chulalongkorn University and CERN’s CMS research program
at Srapathum Palace on July 14, 2012.


What is CERN doing?

         The primary research at CERN is involved with particle physics. The CERN facility on the Franco-Swiss border near Geneva houses the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator.


 

Large Hadron Collider

         The LHC consists of a 27- kilometre ring of superconducting magnets with a number of accelerating structures to boost the energy of the particles along the way. When particles collide, they fragment into smaller particles which are detected by the supersensitive instruments at CERN.

         The scientists at CERN wrestle with questions about the very nature of matter and energy. For example, the ‘Big Bang’ bang should have created equal amounts of matter and antimatter, or dark matter. So why is there far more matter than antimatter in the universe?

         Scientists at CERN are also trying to pin down a very elusive particle / the Higgs boson. It is thought that elementary particles may have gained their mass from the Higgs boson.

Source: http://home.web.cern.ch/about/accelerators


Collaborative Activities of Thai Institutes and CERN:

  • Program for distribution of knowledge of particle physics, operated through various programs such as CERN School Thailand (Master and Doctor) and Thailand Experimental Particle Physics Novice Workshop (Graduate level). The program sponsors speakers, some of them from CERN, to come to Thailand to give lecture on particle physics theory and experimentation.
  • Scholarships for students and physics teachers operated through the CERN Summer Student Program and CERN Physics High School Teacher Program. The programs started in 2010 and are open to students in Computer Engineering and Computer Science who have knowledge in Parallel and Distributed Computing, and Cloud Computing.
  • A joint research between Thai researchers researchers working with CERN and CERN scientists, open to Master’s and PhD students and researchers. In 2012, Chulalongkorn University students worked with CMS Research Station, and Suranaree Technology University students worked with ALICE (A Large on Collider Experiment) on advanced research. For example, Dr. Norraphat Srimanobhas from Chulalongkorn University did research at Compact Muon Solecoid (CMS) experiment at CERN’s LHC on gravitons, dark matter and HIGGS particles.



     

    Dr. Norraphat Srimanobhas

  • The National e-Science Infrastructure Consortium, a program initiated by Her Royal Highness after she visited CERN for the third time and was introduced to the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG). This global initiative was launched in 2002 to provide computing resources to store, distribute and analyze data generated by the Large Hadron Collider. Thailand joined with more than 30 other countries to connect with the LHC grid. The science infrastructure covers data management the system, network computers and databases which have supported research in many areas, including high energy particle physics, climate change, water resource management, energy and environment, computer science, and computer engineering.



     

    Thai Physic students and teachers participating in a training program at CERN



     

    Thai students doing research at CERN

  • CERN has provided the opportunity for Thai high school students to visit CERN for about 5-6 days each year, starting from 2013. Students were selected based on their test scores in physics and their written application document. Ten and twelve students were selected to join the program in 2013 and 2014 respectively.


Many Modern Wonders were Created at CERN

       The cutting edge research at CERN has led to new technologies that people today would find it difficult to live without. In 1989, the World Wide Web was given birth at CERN because computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee and his team wanted to be able to link scientists working across the globe on CERN-related experiments.

       The touch-screen display, introduced in 1973, was developed by engineers at CERN.

       CERN scientists were responsible for significant improvements in Positron Emission Tomography (PET) in 1977.

The world’s first web server Many Modern Wonders were Created at CERN The cutting edge research at CERN has led to new technologies that people today would find it difficult to live without. In 1989, the World Wide Web was given birth at CERN because computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee and his team wanted to be able to link scientists working across the globe on CERN-related experiments. The touch-screen display, introduced in 1973, was developed by engineers at CERN. CERN scientists were responsible for significant improvements in Positron



 

Emission Tomography (PET) in 1977.
Source: http://en.wikipedia/wiki/World_Wide_Web

          From 2010 to 2014, a total of 13 organizations in Thailand were involved in the collaboration with CERN initiated by Her Royal Highness. These are: Synchrotron Light Research Institute (Public Organization), Thailand Center of Excellence in Physics, The Thailand Research Fund, Chulalongkorn University, Suranaree University of Technology, Mahidol University, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology (Public Organization), Hydro and Agro Informatics Institute (Public Organization), The Institute for the Promotion of Teaching Science and Technology, Agricultural Research Development Agency (Public Organization), National Science and Technology Development Agency.

          At present Thailand lacks the technological resources, funding and capability to create a facility like CERN. Through the efforts of H.R.H. Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, however, Thai students and researchers have been given the opportunity to learn, work and train with top notch academics and science professionals at this world’s eminent international institute. The experience enhances the quality of Thai personnel and also establishes a productive relationship with a great many talented and highly skilled scientists. Thus the vision of Her Royal Highness has paved the way for a more technologically capable and prosperous society.

Thai Scientists Move Forward to CERN